Sunday

Rusia Tawarkan 10 Kapal Selam



TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Menteri Pertahanan Purnomo Yusgiantoro menyatakan, pemerintah mendapat tawaran untuk dapat membeli sekitar 10 unit kapal selam dari Rusia. Jumlah ini di luar rencana pembelian tiga unit kapal selam dari Korea Selatan yang akan datang pada 2014.

"Kapal selam dari Rusia sudah ada. Mereka membuka kesempatan karena kedekatan dengan kita," kata Purnomo saat ditemui di Istana Merdeka, Sabtu, 17 Agustus 2013.

Purnomo  tidak menjelaskan detail spesifikasi dan tawaran harga yang diberikan pemerintah Rusia untuk mendatangkan 10 kapal selam tersebut. Ia juga menyatakan, pemerintah belum bulat untuk menerima tawaran Rusia karena masih harus mempertimbangkan dan menghitung biaya.

Selain harga kapal selam per unit, menurut dia, pemerintah juga harus mempertimbangkan besarnya biaya perawatan, pemeliharaan, perbaikan, dan kesiapan infrastruktur. Selain itu, hal lain yang menjadi pertimbangan adalah usia atau masa guna kapal selam tersebut."Kita tidak bisa tergesa, hitung dulu semua," kata Purnomo.

Sedangkan untuk kapal selam dari Korea, mantan Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral ini memaparkan, pemerintah bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan bertahan dan penangkalan ancaman. Sebagai negara yang memiliki orientasi kedamaian, Indonesia dinilai harus memiliki kemampuan teknologi dan senjata yang kuat. "Kita sedang survei pangkalan kapal selam, salah satunya di Palu."

Pada 2024 meski belum memastikan sebagai negara terkuat, menurut Purnomo, Indonesia akan berada pada empat negara kuat di kawasan Asia Tenggara bersama Singapura, Malaysia, dan Thailand. Bersama tiga negara ini, Indonesia akan membentuk ASEAN Defense Ministerial Meeting yang kuat dari ancaman kawasan luar.

Saturday

Type 071 Photo













EXOCET


MBDA’s family of EXOCET missiles comprises a range of easy to use, stand-off “fire and forget” stealthy missiles with skimming flight for engaging high value naval targets with the flexibility to be fired from all maritime platforms – surface ships, submarines, fixed wing aircraft, helicopters and coastal batteries.

EXOCET, in production since 1972, was the West’s first long range anti-ship missile with "fire and forget" and skimming flight capabilities.

EXOCET is a complete family of all-weather heavy anti-ship missiles suitable for all types of carriers. It is available in several versions:
• surface to surface (MM) for ships
• air-to-sea (AM) for aircraft and helicopters
• submarine-surface (SM) for submerged submarines
• land-sea (BC) for coastal batteries.



EXOCET has an OTH (Over The Horizon) firing capability and a range of other operational benefits including :
• low signature
• late seeker activation
• sea-skimming at very low altitude
• enhanced target discrimination and ECCM
• high penetrative power against modern naval air defences.

MBDA has developed the latest generation of this highly successful family of missiles with the EXOCET MM40 Block3 which is compatible with existing MM40 launchers. MM40 Block3 has a significantly extended operational range making it a 200 km class weapon and features open ocean, littoral and coastal land attack capabilities. It is available for surface ships and coastal batteries. EXOCET AM39 can be launched from a range of platforms: fighter aircraft, maritime patrol aircraft and medium or heavy helicopters at stand-off ranges.

EXOCET SM39 is launched from a submarine’s torpedo tubes enclosed in a VSM (Véhicule Sous Marin). The VSM, a self-propelled and guided container, manoeuvres before surfacing so as not to reveal the position of the submarine. Once in the air, the EXOCET missile leaves the VSM and proceeds to the target like a normal surface variant of the missile.



Programme status 

Since entering service in 1972, 3,600 EXOCET missiles, in all configurations, have been sold to 35 countries.

EXOCET MM40 Block2, 70 km class, is in service with the French Navy and many other navies worldwide.

EXOCET MM40 Block3 is in service with the French Navy on its Horizon class frigates and will equip its variant of the Franco-Italian FREMM frigate. It has also been ordered by several other export customers. In April 2007, MM40 Block3 successfully carried out its final qualification firing. In March 2010, the French Navy carried out an operational firing of an Exocet MM40 Block3 from its Horizon class Chevalier Paul frigate. Series production of Exocet MM 40 Block 3 started in April 2008 and deliveries to customers have been on-going since April 2009.

EXOCET AM39 is in service with the French armed forces and the navies of 11 other countries. In January 2004, the French DGA (Direction Générale de l’Armement) awarded MBDA with the contract covering the development of both the Exocet AM39 Block2 Mod2 and the Exocet MM40 Block3. In June 2007, the latest Mod2 development of the Exocet AM39 Block2 completed its final validation firing from a naval Rafale F3 combat aircraft. The firing also served as the validation firing for the Rafale in its F3 standard. An operational evaluation firing took place in September 2012 from a Rafale marking the end of military testing and the start of the missile’s operational life on this aircraft. The Mod2 evolution has seen the digitisation of Exocet AM39 Block2, an adaptation called for by the requirements of the latest generation of rotary and fixed wing aircraft such as the Rafale F3.



EXOCET SM39 is in service with the French Navy and abroad. It has been ordered by several export customers to equip Scorpène class submarines.



Sources